Self-concept and parental values: influences on the ethnic identity development of biracial children

Posted in Asian Diaspora, Dissertations, Identity Development/Psychology, Media Archive on 2013-03-07 01:30Z by Steven

Self-concept and parental values: influences on the ethnic identity development of biracial children

San Jose State University
August 1994
46 pages

Julie Mari Oka

A Thesis Presented to the Faculty of the Department of Psychology San Jose State University In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Arts

In this thesis self-concept was measured across three ethnic groups (Japanese-American, Caucasian, and Japanese-American/Caucasian biracial). Forty-eight children divided by ethnicity and gender completed a self-concept measure and a perspective-taking measure. The perspective-taking measure was dropped from the study due to a ceiling effect. The self-concept measure yielded three scores for each child which included an overall self-concept score as well as scores for behavioral and physical self-concept.

Biracial boys and Caucasian girls scored highest when compared to other groups on overall self-concept. Furthermore, biracial boys scored highest on physical self-concept. Biracial girls scored lowest on both subscales. Girls scored significantly higher than boys on behavioral self-concept.

Parents completed a parental questionnaire designed to assess the extent to which parents would like their children to exhibit values and behaviors considered to be traditionally Japanese-American. Although not significant, mothers of biracial children tended to report more of a preference for their children to display traditional Japanese-American values.

Read the entire thesis here.

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Identity of Biracial College Students

Posted in Asian Diaspora, Campus Life, Dissertations, Identity Development/Psychology, Media Archive, United States on 2012-04-16 02:36Z by Steven

Identity of Biracial College Students

San Jose State University
May 1999
77 pages

MyTra Fitzpatrick

A Thesis Presented to The Faculty of the Department of Child Development San Jose State University In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Arts

This thesis examined the identity of biracial college students and the relationship between parenting styles (authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive) and biracial identity development. Biracial subjects were defined as individuals having parents who were from two different ethnic/racial groups. Of the total of 104 subjects, 65 students were classified into one of three mixed-groups categories according to the two ethiucities of their parents: Asian/Euro-American, Asian/Latino, and Latino/Euro-American. Results showed that students identified strongly with one or both ethnicities, and that strong bicultural identity was associated with positive self-esteem. The majority of parents utilized authoritative parenting styles, regardless of their ethnic mix. While authoritative parents were more likely to have offspring who exhibited higher levels of bicultural identity and self-esteem, these results were not statistically significant. These findings are consistent with the parenting styles literature and with studies showing positive identity for biracial students.

Table of Contents

  • List of Tables
  • Chapter 1: Introduction to the Problem
    • Interracial Marriages
    • Definition of Biracial Individuals
    • Statement of the Problem and Purpose of this Study
  • Chapter 2: Review of the Literature
    • Research on Biracial Individuals
    • Identity Development: Definitions and Theories
    • Identity Development of Ethnic Minority Individuals
    • Identity Development of Biracial Individuals
    • Parenting Styles and the Relationship to Biracial Adolescents’ Social and Emotional Development
      • Baumrind’s Four Dimensions of Parental Behavior
      • Baumrind’s Three Parenting Style Typologies
      • Ethnic Differences in Parenting Styles
  • Chapter 3: Methodology
    • Participants
    • Materials
    • Procedure
  • Chapter 4: Results
  • Chapter 5: Discussion and Conclusions
  • References
  • Appendix A

List of Tables

  1. Who Students Live With by Ethnicity of Parents
  2. Percent of Students who Identified with Their Mom vs. Their Dad
  3. Identity Strength for Group 1 by Ethnicity of Parents
  4. Identity Strength for Group 2 by Ethnicity of Parents
  5. Bicultural Identity from Low to High by Ethnicity of Parents
  6. Mean Scores for Identity Items by Primary Identity Group
  7. Reasons Student Select for Identifying with Primary Ethnic Identity Group
  8. Mean Score of Self-Esteem by Primary Ethnic Identity
  9. Mean Score of Self-Esteem by Bicultural Identity
  10. Mean Score of Self-Esteem by Ethnicity of Parents
  11. Parenting Styles by Ethnic Mix-Groups of Parents
  12. Percent of Parents Using Each Parenting Styles by Bicultural Identity of Child.
  13. Mean Self-Esteem Scores by Parenting Styles

Read the entire thesis here.

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Diversity Dialogues lecture opens forum on ethnic identity

Posted in Campus Life, Identity Development/Psychology, Media Archive, United States on 2011-04-10 23:47Z by Steven

Diversity Dialogues lecture opens forum on ethnic identity

Spartan Daily
San José State University

Francisco Rendon

So … what are you?”

Although a common question facing persons of mixed ethnic heritage, it often characterizes society’s attempt to label them, and these persons‘ struggle to fit into one culture.

This question, as well as other issues concerning mixed heritage persons, such as ethnicity boxes on tests, were discussed and analyzed in discussion groups Thursday in the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Library.

The event was part of SJSU’s Diversity Dialogue Series, sponsored by the Office of Equal Opportunity, said Program Developer Marina Corrales.

“(These events) are about sharing our experiences and background,” Corrales said. “We use diversity as an educational tool for faculty, students and staff.”

Corrales said she was satisfied with the attendance, which held about 60 people…

…The event began with an introduction from Spano, who defined “mixed-heritage” as “people who self-identify as belonging to two or more races.

Participants then viewed a brief video featuring interviews and a speech from Kip Fulbeck, an art professor at UC Santa Barbara.

The video included a feature on Fulbeck’s book depicting persons of mixed Asian-American descent, and a discussion of the phrase “Hapa,” a term used for persons mixed with Asian or Pacific Islander heritage…

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The Invisible Minorities: Identity Construction of Multiracial Asian Americans

Posted in Asian Diaspora, Identity Development/Psychology, Media Archive, United States on 2010-08-19 04:31Z by Steven

The Invisible Minorities: Identity Construction of Multiracial Asian Americans

San Jose State University
August 2003
136 pages

Jennifer Huyhn Thi Ahn Morrison, Lecturer AY-A of Communication Studies
San Jose State University

A thesis presented to the faculty of the Department of Communication Studies at San Jose State University in partial fulfulliment of the requriements for the degree Master of Arts.

A review of the literature found that Ethnic Studies focused on multiracial Asian American identity more than any other field. However, multiracial Asian Americans are still in need of further research because of the many different types of identity construction that may occur. From the array of literature found in Communication Studies, only a few encompass how a multiracial individual communicates her or his identity construction. Thus, in my Master’s thesis I found that the complexity of multiracial identity construction encompasses three types of communication cues in relation to familial closeness. Through the analysis of five in-depth interviews I found there to be a profound influence on how the double minority multiracial individual is raced and how she or he identifies. Therefore, after examining the construction of double minority multiracial Asian Americans, there is a greater ability to understand how a complex multiracial identity is communicated.

Table of Contents


  • Introduction
  • Rationale
  • Key Terms
  • Ethnicity & Race
  • Monoracial
  • Multiracial
  • Minority Group
  • Majority Group
  • Literature Review
  • Identity
  • Multiracial Identity
  • Identity of Multiracial Asian Americans


  • Qualitative In-depth Interviews
  • Research Questions
  • Procedures
  • Mode of Analysis


  • Selective Monoracial Identity
  • Familial Closeness


  • Authenticity
  • Racial Status


  • Inclusion of The Invisible Minority
  • SMI
  • Familial Communicative Cues
  • A Visual Represention of Multiracial Identity Development
  • Limitations
  • Implications for Future Research


Read the entire thesis here.

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